Maniak Collection

Volodymyr Maniak  was a central figure in bringing the existence of the Holodomor to the attention of the Ukrainian public in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Born on 6 November 1934 in Kryshtopivka, present-day Volochynsk raion, Khmelnytskyi oblast, Ukraine, he graduated from the Faculty of Journalism at Lviv University in 1956. Eventually he went on to a career as a writer and member of the Writers’ Union of Ukraine.

Over time Maniak developed serious misgivings about the version of history offered by the Soviet regime. In the late 1980s he became one of the leaders of Memorial society in Ukraine. At the same time he assumed a key role in the campaign to bring the facts about the Ukrainian Famine of 1932–33 to light. He was instrumental in initiating a project in the latter part of 1988 calling for the gathering of written testimonials about the Famine.

He and his wife, Lidiia Kovalenko (born 5 May 1936 in Bochechky, present-day Konotop raion, Sumy oblast), fashioned the thousands of responses they received by mail into a ground-breaking work on the Holodomor, Holod 33-y: Narodna knyha-memorial (The Famine of 33: A People’s Memorial Book).  The publication of the manuscript, however, was stalled by Soviet Ukrainian officials. In the interim, they prepared an account of the Famine more amenable to Ukrainian Party concerns, Holod 1932–1933 rokiv: Ochyma istorykiv, movoiu dokumentiv (The Famine of 1932–1933: In the Eyes of Historians and the Language of Documents), which was published in 1990. The Maniak–Kovalenko work appeared only in the latter part of 1991.

Together with Kovalenko, Maniak was a leading force in the committee to establish the Association of Holodomor Researchers of Ukraine. However, he died on 15 June 1992 in a vehicle accident near Hlekhava, Vasylkiv raion, Kyiv oblast. Some two weeks later, Lidiia Kovalenko became the first head of the Holodomor Researchers’ association at its founding meeting. However, she died not long afterwards on 25 January 1993. Both Maniak and Kovalenko are buried in Kyiv’s Baikove Cemetery. Later in 1993 the two became joint recipients (posthumously) of the prestigious Shevchenko Award for their work on Holod 33-y.

Maniak and Kovalenko received thousands of accounts regarding the Holodomor by mail to their residence in Kyiv. The fate of the full collection is yet to be determined. However, they passed on approximately 700 of the original letters to a colleague from France, Wladimir Bojczuk (Volodymyr Boichuk), whom they met and befriended in Kyiv at the first public conference dealing with the Holodomor. HREC is presently working with Mr. Bojczuk to ensure the preservation and accessibility of this unique and significant collection. Due to space considerations, only a portion of the documents gathered by Maniak and Kovalenko were included in Holod 33-y. Moreover, the accounts that appeared did so in an abridged form.

The letters represent a rich source of information about the Holodomor, as they were some of the first open responses to the Famine issue in Ukraine from the general public. Their significance is amplified by the fact that the Holodomor had always been a taboo topic for discussion in Soviet Ukraine. Tellingly, many of the letters submitted begin with an expression of gratitude for the opportunity to speak to the issue. Some typical specimen letters from the collection are attached.

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English Translation

Aksiuk Nadiia

Aleksieieva Yevhenia (Kolomiiets Ivha)

Andreeva Olha

Antonenko-Zhyrenko Lidiia

Bahrii Anna

Bakai Panas

Banakh Hanna

Bardachenko Yevdokiia

Beliavsky A.I.

Berezii Oleksandr

Bilash Z

Bilenko Mariia

Bohotchuk Z.

Boiko Vasyl

Bondarenko Stanislav

Borodii Vasyl

Bryzh Mariia

Budenny Ivan

Budnyk Nadiia

Bulavin Yeremii

Buriak Vasyl

Butenko

Butenko M.

Chabanenko Feodosiia

Chepela Semen (Semion)

Cherneha Ivan

Chernysh Paraska

Chornolutska Hanna

Chornoshtan Mykola

Chuprun Mariia

Chvora Melaniia

Dasiv Kuzma

Davydiv Y.

Demydenko I.

Demydenko Yeva

Derevianko Oleksii

Diachenko Nataliia

Diaineka M.

Dibrova Yukhym

Donichenko Yevhen

Ekho O.I.

Fedorenko Platon

Haider Vasyl

Haievyk Ivan

Heidor Ivan

Herasimchuk Mariia

Hlushchenko Danylo, Komar A.H.

Hnatiuk (Gnatiuk) Liubov

Homulko Oleksii

Honcharenko Liubov

Horb Ivan

Hordienko Anastasia

Hrebenichenko K.

Hromovy Nikifor

Hruby Denys

Hryhoruk

Hryshko Kateryna

Hudemchuk K. T.

Hulko P.

Huniaha Mykola

Hunko Mykhail

Hyria Nastasiia

Ilchenko Ivan

Illia Shulha

Isai Kateryna

Ishchuk Petro

Ivaniuk Mykola

Kalyta Mykhail

Kaminska Yevdokiia

Kasyk V.

Khodak Vasyl

Kholiava Sydor

Khurdei Oleksii (Aleksei)

Klymenko Oksana

Kolomiiets Ivan

Kolomiiets Oksana

Komlichenko Tetiana

Kompanets Varvara

Koreniuk St.

Korupii Ivan

Kosiak Ivan

Kostiuchenko Ivan

Kostiukov Dymian

Kovryha Dmytro

Kozinchuk Nadiia

Kozlov Yurii

Kravchenko Ivan (for Musiienko Hryhorii)

Kravchenko Petro

Kucher Mykola

Kucherenko Yakiv

Kuchmii Hryhorii (Grigoriі)

Kukharsky Volodymyr

Kutsenko, Yakiv (Yakov)

Kuzmenko Oleksii

Kuzmenko V., Shakhrai Serhii

Kvashuk Nina

Leshchenko N. (N.Melezhyk and N.Nevidomy)

Leukha Mykhailo

Levchuk Mariia

Liakhovetska Ahafiia

Lisovy Mykhailo

Lupan Ekaterina

Luzan Mariia

Lymar K.N.

Lysovsky Semen

Lytvynchuk Hanna

Lytvynenko Hanna

M.H.I

Mateychuk L.

Mazepa Hanna

Meleshko O.

Melnyk Hanna

Melnyk Oleksii

Melnyk V.

Minenko Petro

Moroz-Hryshchenko O.

Mortykan

Moskovchuk Mykhailo

Moskovchuk Yelizaveta

Motsno Fedir (Kopot Andrii)

Motuzko Ivan

Muravsky Stanislav

Mykhailenko Olha

Mykytenko Lidiia

Mysak Pavlo

Nahirny Yosyp

Neporozhnii A.A., Petrenko Olha, Shcherbak Dominika

Obideiko O. S.

Ochkolias Marusia

Okhrimiuk Volodymyr

Oleinyk Semen

Oleksiienko Trokhym

Oliinyk Serhiy

Onyshchenko Hanna

Orlova Olha

Osadchuk Vasyl

Pakholiuk Ivan

Panov Yakiv (Yakov)

Parasotka Stepan

Parkhomenko

Petrenko Nadiia

Petrenko Yakov

Petrushevska Iryna

Pinchuk Yevheniia

Porshakov V.M.

Postovyk O. M.

Prokopchuk Mykhail

Protsenko Ivan

Prylynko Oleksii

Pydoria N.Ye.

Pysarenko Mykola

Radchuk V. F.

Rovenko (Bahryn) Liubov

Samoiluk V. S.

Savchenko Ivan

Semeniuta Stepan

Semko Motria

Semonenko Ivan

Shabanova Liubov

Shanko Hryhorii

Shcherban Ivan

Shcherbatiuk Anatolii

Sheretsky Ivan

Shevchenko Dmytro (Dmitrii)

Shevchyk Mykhailo

Shpak Mytrofan

Shtanko A.

Shuliak M.

Shynkarenko Hanna

Siletska Kateryna

Skrypnyk Fedir

Slavhorodsky P.

Slavhorodsky P.M.

Slavhorodsky P.M.

Sokhan Motrona

Sopilniak Halyna

Stanislavuk (Lozheshnyk) Raisa

Stashok Mykola

Stepanenko Ivan

Stepanenko Maria

Suchak Pavel

Surzhyk A.K.

Syvoborodko Mykola

Taran Volodymyr

Tarasiuk D.

Televny M. M.

Temtsunik Heorhii

Tereshchenko

Tkachenko Ivan

Tkachenko P.

Tkachuk Ivan

Trenbach Nastia

Tsybulia Andrii

Tulynska Oleksandra

Ukrainets Viktor

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown

Vasia P.

Vasylchenko Andrii

Vdovychenko Oleksandr A.

Volkov Ivan

Vovk Ivan

Vovk Stepan

Voznytsia (Makukh) Natalia

Yanchuk Vasyl

Yanishevsky Stanislav (Melnychuk H.)

Yanovych Vira

Yaremachenko K.

Yarmolenko Vasyl

Yatsenko Olha

Yatsyshyn Petro

Yemtsova Mariia

Yermoshenko Volodymyr (Vladimir)

Yezhelov Heorhii

Zalyvcha Sofiia

Zaparia Anton

Zatokovenko Mariia

Zatulyviter Anna

Zhyl Makar

Zobenko Hryhorii

Кoshanova Valentyna (Valentina)